On This Day - 25 July 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Countdown to War
Austria refuses Russian request for extension of time-limit.
Germany thinks crisis could be localised, but inclined to fall in with idea of mediation.
Serbia orders mobilisation; order signed by Crown Prince at 3 p.m.
Russia conciliatory, but arranges for mobilisation of 13 corps on Russo-Austrian frontier if latter brings armed pressure to bear on Serbia.
Serbian Government leaves for Nish. Hands in most conciliatory and almost humiliating answer 5.58 p.m. Austrian Minister at Belgrade leaves for Vienna at 6.30 p.m. Serbian General Putnik (Chief of Staff) arrested near Budapest.