On This Day - 2 August 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Countdown to War
German troops invade Luxemburg very early.
France entered at four points.
Patrol kill French soldiers 10 km over frontier near Belfort.
Poland invaded by Germans, who occupy Kalish, Chenstokhov and Bendzin.
East Prussia entered by Russian raiders near Schwidden.
Libau bombarded by German light cruiser "Augsburg".
German Note to Belgium, 7 p.m. alleging that Germany must violate her soil in order to "anticipate" the French attack in Belgium; demands that latter should remain passive; answer required in 12 hours.
England assures France that British fleet will stop German fleet if latter attacks French shipping in Channel.
Moratorium proclaimed in England.