On This Day - 17 August 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Alsace: Renewed French advance, take Marsal and Chateau-Salins.
Sir John French takes up his headquarters at Le Cateau.
East Prussia: Russians defeat Germans at Stalluponen: Germans fall back on Gumbinnen.
Battle of the Jadar (between Shabats and Loznitsa) continued.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Adriatic: Austrian cruiser sunk near Antivari.
Belgium: Government transferred from Brussels to Antwerp.
Great Britain: Enrolment of Special Constables begins.