On This Day - 20 August 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Brussels evacuated by Belgians and occupied by Germans.
Lorraine: Powerful German counter-attack near Saarburg and Morhange drives French back.
British concentration Avesnes-Le Cateau completed.
East Prussia: Battle of Gumbinnen. Russian victory followed by occupation of the town, Goldap and Lyck.
Serbia: Disorderly flight of Austrians towards the frontier.
Naval and Overseas Operations
East Africa: Taveta occupied by the Germans: Uganda Railway attacked.
Rome: Death of Pope Pius X.