On This Day - 31 October 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Yser: French recover Ramscapelle.
Ypres: Crisis of the great battle. Germans take Gheluvelt and break the British line. The Worcesters save the situation and recover Gheluvelt.
Bukovina: Russians re-occupy Czernowitz.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Tsing-tau: Final intense bombardment begins.
Naval and Overseas Operations
H.M.S. "Hermes" (cruiser) sunk in Straits of Dover.
Italy: Resignation of Salandra Cabinet.
Occupation of Saseno (Albania).