On This Day - 23 November 1914
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Ypres heavily bombard by the Germans, much damage done to the Cathedral and Cloth Hall.
British trenches near Festubert attacked; some lost, but recovered.
Poland: Russian line shattered by Mackensen between Rzgov and Kolyushki, south-east of Lodz: critical situation.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Mesopotamia: British troops make formal entry into Basra.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Zeebrugge bombarded by British squadron.
German submarine U.18 rammed and sunk; its crew saved.
Portugal: Congress authorises the Government to intervene on side of Allies when and how it deems proper.