On This Day - 31 July 1918
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Severe fighting round Seringes (north-east of Fere-en-Tardenois); finally left to Americans.
Lord R. Cecil accepts recommendations of Royal Commission on Foreign Office reforms.
Lord Lansdowne's letter re: conditions of Peace discussions.
Speech of Mr. Lloyd George to Manufacturers.
Sir Charles W. Fielding appointed Director-General of Food Production.