Who's Who - Berthold von Deimling
General Berthold Karl Adolf von Deimling (1853-1944) served with the German Army at Verdun and the Somme during World War One.
Deimling entered the German Army in 1871 where after a period spent on the General Staff he was posted to German Southwest Africa in 1904, returning to Germany some three years later. He was then handed command of a brigade of infantry.
Deimling's name is associated with two major offensives during the 1914-18 war: during the early stages of Verdun in 1916 - which resulted in his elevation to Field Marshal - and later the same year at the tail-end of the British Somme Offensive in November.
A post-war pacifist convert, Deimling died on 3 February 1944 at the age of 91.
Shrapnel comprised steel balls ejected from shells upon detonation.
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