On This Day - 8 August 1915
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Germans attack Kovna, repulsed with heavy losses.
Novo Georgievsk cut off in the east.
Praga (Warsaw) occupied.
Mackensen forces Russians back across the Veprj.
Monfalcone dockyard (northern Adriatic) bombed.
Night raid by Austrians into Italian positions in Trentino.
British attack on Anafarta (Gallipoli) repulsed.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Bushire (Persian Gulf) occupied by British as reprisal for two officers killed there on 12 July.
Naval and Overseas Operations
German Fleet attacks Riga and is repulsed.
H.M.S. "Ramsay" sunk by German steamer "Meteor" (blown up to avoid capture).
H.M.S. "India", auxiliary cruiser, torpedoed off Norway.
German unsuccessful peace tentatives to Russia through Denmark.
Naval General Service Medal instituted.