On This Day - 16 August 1915
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Russian army withdrawn to Brest-Osovyets-Kovna line.
Byelostok (Grodno) partially evacuated.
Kovna bombarded; breach made in defences.
Austrians cross Krzna (Brest).
Germans repulsed fro Mitau (Riga).
Montenegrin success on border against Austrians.
Admiral de Robeck's despatch of 1 July 1915 on Dardanelles landing 25-26 April 1915 received.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Russians enter Van (Armenia).
Russian communique announces defeat of Turks and occupation of Kep (Euphrates); Turks driven back near Olti (Transcaucasia).
Naval and Overseas Operations
Cumberland coast towns shelled by German submarine.
German fleet attacks at entrance of Gulf of Riga.
Manifesto on National Service signed by notable men of all parties in England.
Venizelist candidate elected President of Chamber; Greek Government resigns.