On This Day - 23 September 1915
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Numerous artillery engagements along whole line; successful French air-raids.
Russians recapture Vileika (Minsk).
Germans driven back across Oginski Canal (Pinsk).
Russians take Lutsk and capture nearly 12,000 prisoners.
General mobilisation of Hellenic forces as "measure of elementary prudence" in view of Bulgaria's attitude.
Bulgaria issues decree of mobilisation; Premier repeats declaration of "armed neutrality".
Conciliatory German Note to U.S.A. in the "William P. Frye" case.
U.S. refuse safe conduct to Dr. Dumba unless officially recalled.
Meeting of South African Party at Johannesburg, organised attack on General Smuts.