On This Day - 31 March 1916

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Western Front

Battle of Verdun: French evacuate Malancourt and positions between Haucourt and Bethincourt.

Zeppelin raid on east coast: one Zeppelin destroyed; 48 killed, 64 injured.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Russians defeat Turks at Kara Malachkan (Armenia).

Naval and Overseas Operations

Shipping losses in March, 78,769 tons.

Political, etc.

Army Council takes over hay and straw.

Mr. Asquith in Rome.


On This Day