On This Day - 5 July 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
English improve their position between Somme and Ancre; advance slightly in some sectors.
French win Hem; north of Somme they repel counter-attacks at Belloy-en-Santerre.
German attacks at Verdun on Avocourt and Hill 304 fail.
Eastern Frontthe Riga and Baranovichi fronts, fighting continues.
In Galicia, Russians continue their attacks south of Dniester.
Risings and guerrilla warfare in Serbia and Montenegro, owing to weakening of Austrian garrisons.