On This Day - 12 July 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
British gain Mametz Wood and make progress in Trones Wood.
Successful raids in Loos salient.
Germans attack strongly at Verdun; gain some ground at Chapelle St. Fine, at intersection of Fleury-Vaux roads.
Furious fighting continues on the Stokhod, with no decisive results.
An Austrian attack on the Adige driven back.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Russians under General Yudenich advance west of Erzerum on the Erzingan road and recapture Mamakhatun.