On This Day - 8 August 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
British move against Guillemont continues, line advanced 400 yards.
French progress north of Hem Wood (southern Somme).
Germans, by violent counter-attack, regain trenches.
Fierce fighting in Verdun region: Germans gain and lose Thiaumont work.
Two German attacks beaten back east of Monacu Farm (northern Somme).
Russians take Tysmienica (Stanislau, Galicia), 7,400 prisoners.
Italians storm Mount Podgora (covering Gorizia).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Turks occupy Mush and Bitlis (Armenia).
Turks abandon Oghratina and fall back to cover Bir el Abd (Sinai).
Portugal decides to extend her military co-operation to Europe.