On This Day - 22 August 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Two determined counter-attacks south of Thiepval beaten off by British.
Germans gain a footing in trenches held by French south of Estrees (southern Somme).
Heavy aerial fighting on Somme front.
Russians gain heights south of Jablonica Pass (Carpathians).
Enemy attack with gas south-east of Vilna, repulsed.
Italian successes in the Dolomites.
Allied offensive progresses in the Moglena and Doiran sectors (Macedonia).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Russian offensive west of Lake Van (Armenia).
Naval and Overseas Operations
Kilossa, on Central Railway (East Africa), taken by British. Enemy falls back on Morogoro.
Mr. Lloyd George in the House of Commons gives survey of military situation; announces 35 Zeppelins destroyed by Allies.