On This Day - 23 August 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Fighting south of Thiepval results in a slight British gain.
Strong German attacks at Guillemont repulsed.
Fierce artillery duel on French section of Somme front.
French progress south of Fleury (Verdun).
Zeppelin raid on east coast, no casualties.
Activity on Salonika front, especially on left flank.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Turks defeated at Rayat (Turco-Persian frontier); 2,300 prisoners.
Russians retake Bitlis (lower Vau).
Naval and Overseas Operations
Return of submarine "Deutschland" to Germany.