On This Day - 20 September 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Somme: German counter-offensive against French fails. From Combles to the river, an attack with six divisions suffered heavy losses.
South of the Ancre, Germans during night attacked New Zealand troops without success.
North of Vulkan Pass, Transylvania, Romanians fall back south of Petrozseny.
Mackensen halts in Dobruja: Germans, Bulgars and Turks in retreat, after severe repulse.the Stokhod severe fighting, near the Kovel-Rovno railway; enemy everywhere repulsed.
Italians advance east of Gorizia, near Santa Caterina, and on the Carso, east of the Vallone.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Portuguese troops cross the Rovuma river, separating German from Portuguese East Africa; enemy after feeble resistance abandon their trenches.
British occupy Kisiwere Port.
Greek Government demands from Germany the return of the 4th Army Corps surrendered at Kavalla and sent to Germany.
Albanian Government (Essad Pasha) set up in Salonika.