On This Day - 13 December 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Heavy bombardments on Somme front continue.
Romanians again forced back from the Jalomitsa and the Ploeshti-Buzeu road.
Enemy advances towards Braila and Galatz.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
British offensive on the Tigris; Sanna-i-Yat bombarded; British cross the Shatt-el-Hai and secure both banks.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Russians ships shell Balchik, to destroy mills supplying Bulgar army.
Austrian Premier (Dr. Korber) resigns. Dr V. Spitzmuller forms new Ministry.
M. Briand sums up German "Peace" Note as "Heads I win, tails you lose".