On This Day - 8 March 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
In Champagne, French regain most of salient lost on 15 February between Butte de Mesnil and Maisons de Champagne.
Slight British advance in Ancre valley.
Great air activity.
Five enemy raids against British positions north of Wulverghem (Messines).
Romanians lose three heights (late Russian positions) north-west of Ocna (Moldavia).
Enemy repulsed near Mitau (Riga).
Several days' shelling of Monastir reported.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Tigris bridged and Turks driven from position six miles from Baghdad.
British effect surprise crossing of Diala river (Mesopotamia).
Russians on road from Hamadan rout Turks, who withdraw to Hajiabad.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Norwegian relief ship "Storstad" torpedoed.
Civil mobilisation report tabled in French Senate: civilians of both sexes, 17 to 60, included.
Speech by Sir E. Carson.
Interim report of Dardanelles Commission issued.
British Government accepts Nizam of Hyderabad's offer of �100,000 towards anti-submarine campaign.
Wireless communication between U.S.A. and Germany suspended.
President Wilson decides to arm American ships against submarines.
Death of Count Zeppelin.