On This Day - 12 March 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
French gain ground in eastern Champagne.
British raid near Arras.
Soissons bombarded with incendiary shells.
Successful German raids near Zloczow-Tarnopol railway, near Brzezany and on Narakowka (Galicia).
British advance on Doiran front.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Italians occupy Bukamez (west of Tripoli).
Naval and Overseas Operations
American steamer "Algonquin" torpedoed without warning.
Tsar orders suspension of Duma and Council of the Empire. Three Guard and several line regiments join Parliamentary party.
Russian Revolution begins: Provisional Government formed.
Canada's third War Loan launched.
U.S. State Department rules that merchant vessels armed fore and aft may clear from U.S. ports.
Speech by General Smuts on landing in England.