On This Day - 1 July 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Violent bombardment, followed by German attacks in Cerny-Ailles sector (northern Aisne); enemy losses heavy.
Successful French counter-attack north-west of Verdun.
Russian offensive, under General Brusilov, opens on 50-mile front, on either side of Brzezany (Galicia); three lines of trenches and 12,000 prisoners taken. To the south stubborn fighting, heavy Russian losses.
Austrians very active in the Trentino. Attacks repulsed by Italians.
Announcement in Holland of assurance by Lord Derby that Britain will not strike at Germany through Holland if she remains neutral.
Young Chinese Emperor, Hsuan Tung, restored.