On This Day - 23 July 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Numerous raids by British and Canadians.
Russian undisciplined retreat in Galicia continues on a front of 150 miles; fall of Halicz. Stanislau evacuated.
Russian diversion at Dvinsk and Smorgon followed by voluntary withdrawal of troops.
Romanian front: Russo-Romanian success, 2,000 prisoners, 57 guns taken.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Royal Naval Armed Merchant Cruiser - "SS Otway" (Pacific SN Co ) - torpedoed by U-boat 23 July 1917 off West Scotland. She weighed 12,077 tons and 10 lives were lost. She was in the 10th Cruiser Squadron.
Amendment to Corn Production Bill defeated.