On This Day - 1 October 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Five powerful German attacks repulsed between Ypres-Menin road and Polygon Wood and at Zonnebeke.
Between Chaume Wood and Bezonvaux (Verdun) temporary German success.
French and British airmen bomb Rhine towns and Roulers; Dunkirk bombed by Germans, serious material damage.
Aeroplane raid on London: 11 killed, 41 injured.
German airmen bomb Oesel Island (Riga).
Austrian attack on Bainsizza Plateau repulsed.
Naval and Overseas Operations
East Africa: Fighting proceeding in Mbemkuru Valley; 75 miles south of Kondoa Irangi (north of Cent. Rly.) a German guerilla detachment surrenders.
British troops meet strong resistance 30 miles south-west of Lindi.
Great typhoon in Japan does vast damage.