On This Day - 22 October 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Franco-British advance on 2.5-mile front between Poelcapelle (Ypres) and Houthulst Forest, southern end of Forest captured, 200 prisoners.
Eastern Frontnight 21-22 October Germans retire on wide front between Riga Bay and River Dvina.
Italians repulse strong Austro-German attack on Cadore front (Dolom).
Petrograd Soviet hold stormy meeting; Trotsky demands peace; accuses Kerenski of treason; defence of Petrograd arranged.
U.S.A. begin appropriation of raw material for war purchased and stored by Germans in U.S.A. during first two years of war.