On This Day - 31 December 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Renewed German attacks on Welsh Ridge repulsed.
Civil war raging in Russia; large numbers of officers have joined General Kaledin.
Austrians forced to abandon bridgehead in Zenson bend.
Austrians bomb Treviso, Vicenza, Castelfranco and Bassano.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Progress reported in East Africa.
H.M.S. "Osmanieh" sunk by mine in Mediterranean.
Anglo-Turkish agreement for exchange of prisoners signed at Berne.
Lord Rhondda issues model rationing scheme.