On This Day - 23 January 1918
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Germans occupy trenches east of Nieuport (Belgian Coast) after heavy bombardment. French restore position later.
British bomb aerodromes at Courtrai and Ghent.
French raid east of Auberive (Champagne).
M. Trotsky declares policy of Central Powers to be "a monstrous annexation".
Rioting with much bloodshed in Moscow.
Congress of Soviets meets in Petrograd.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Action between a British submarine and three German submarines reported from Canary Islands.
Great Britain: Public Meals Order issued.
Average daily expenditure: 7.5 millions.
Appointment of Sir H. Lawrence to be Chief of the General Staff, France, vice Sir L. Kiggell; other H.Q. appointments announced.
New Army officers to be employed more in staff and higher ranks.
Labour Party Conference meets in Nottingham.
Signor Orlando, Italian Prime Minister, arrives in London.