On This Day - 12 July 1918

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Eastern Front

Announcement of Allied force on Murman coast.

Czecho-Slovaks capture Kazan (on River Volga); Czecho-Slovaks control Siberian Railway east of Penza.

Southern Front

French advance on both sides of River Devoli (southern Albania); Austrians retreat.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Japanese battleship "Kawachi" blown up and sunk in Tokuyama Bay, 500 casualties.

Political, etc.

Count Hertling in Reichstag on Belgium as a pawn.

Prussian Upper House expels Prince Lichnowsky.

Mr. Huges (Australian Premier) re: Pacific islands.

Denaturalisation Bill passes first and second reading in House of Commons.


On This Day