The Western Front Today - Hawthorn Ridge Cemetery No. 1
Many graves are of men of the 16th Middlesex.
The cemetery was established by V Corps in the wake of the conclusion of the 1916 offensive.
Before Endeavours Fade, Rose E.B. Coombs, After the Battle 1994
Major & Mrs Holt's Battlefield Guide - Somme, Leo Cooper 2000
A howitzer is any short cannon that delivers its shells in a high trajectory. The word is derived from an old German word for "catapult".
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